Knee arthritis is one of the ailments suffered by the aged. However, the very word 'knee replacement' often scares you so much that you are not sure if you at all want it. This problem can be handled by properly educating you and making you aware of the benefits of partial knee replacement.
Before elaborating the procedure of partial knee replacement, you must also know about the ailment knee arthritis, its types and causes. Only a clear knowledge of the problem can assist in the cure process. Knee arthritis is caused when cartilage between the joints wears away. This wear and tear principally occurs due to inflammation within the joints, resulting in the exposure of bones at smooth joint surfaces. Types of arthritis include lupus arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gouty arthritis. The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis. The causes are many unlike the common notion of one. Genetic variation may be a cause. Age and overweight are common causes of this disease. Certain other causes include illness or infection, previous injury, working conditions and even certain sports.
Now comes in the process of partial knee replacement, it is also known as unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, here the doctor first makes a cut of about 3 inches over the damaged knee and then replaces the damaged bone with a plastic and metal implant. Now the most obvious question that arises is are you ready for the process of partial knee replacement. The answer lies in the symptoms. Firstly, if your pain has increased to the point where you are unable to sleep at night, or even if you are asleep it awakens you. Secondly, if your knee pain limits your activities like walking for pleasure, shopping and traveling. Finally, though you have already tried other modes of treatment, your pain still persists.
The next question that might bother you is about the risks involved. Though majority of the partial knee replacement turn out to be successful, it is definitely not devoid of risks entirely. It has certain mandates. If you are opting for it you must be older than 55 years, must have intact ligaments, must be relatively sedentary and must not be obese. In case it fails, the possibility of converting it into a full surgery gets difficult. It is therefore advised to have a detailed conversation with your doctor and get all your doubts cleared before you opt for a partial knee replacement.
Partial knee replacement is followed by knee rehabilitation. This process begins soon after the surgery. Rehabilitation is done to help you to maintain motion in the replaced knee. This is done by a trained therapist. It is mandatory for you because this way your free mobility is ensured. There is a fair chance that the body might react to the surgery disabling you from normal gait for the rest of your life. Hence it is advised that the rehabilitation must be joined as soon as possible once the surgery is over.
Now that you have been given the elementary education on partial knee replacement and knee rehabilitation, you must have realized that the surgery is actually for the benefit, it relieves you of your painful joints. Though the replaced knee does not imply that it shall last for eternity, it definitely provides relief till the next time it is again required. The process is being modified continuously in order to reach perfection and results that last longer.